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Senin, 21 Februari 2011

THE OFFICIAL END OF THE SULTANATE OF ACEH

Until now it was not really clear, when Holland officially had abolished the sultanate of Aceh.
The last ruling sultan of Aceh was Sultan Alauddin Mahmud Syah II, who ruled 1870-1874.
At that time the grip of the once powerfull sultanate on it's vasalstates of the areas outside the Aceh area and also the several so-called uleebalangships, or under-principalities in the actual Aceh area were also not so very strong under the sultan's rule any longer.
Maybe ca. 20% of the ca. 100 Aceh area sub-states only for real still saw the sultan of Aceh really as their paramount overlord.
At that time already Holland tried to seek a form of coöperation with Aceh,but that saw Holland a non-muslim state only as a state of non-believers, which for sure also under which rule you never must come.
Holland had to react to these counter-hostilities under Sultan Alauddin Mahmud Syah II.
This young sultan (born in 1858), who was in fact under the regency of the from Hadramaut/S-Yemen coming religious advisor Habib Abdul Rachman al-Zahr from july 1870 never could really rule himself.
When his palace was occupied and put down on 24-1-1874 they also found out that the minor-sultan with whom they had to sign an agreement of coöperation. had died a few days before.
They decided then to bring more stability to the situation in Aceh, where the sub-states not really followed the sultan anymore then and also because of the very hostile situations before, to take over the ruling responsibilities of the sultan's rule.
This was announced then also in Aceh.
The sub-rajas then not directly selected a new sultan. They first had to decide,if they thought maybe a bit otherwise then the Holand government.
At that time there were several royals, who were candidate to become the new sultan.
Then a young prince was chosen:the grandson of the predecessor of Sultan Alauiddin Mahmud Syah II.I do not think the before as a 16 year old boy-king died royal;Sultan Mahmud Syah II had not a child from his marriage with a certain Pocut Meurah.
The new sultan was Sultan Aluddin Muhammad Daud Syah;also a minor-sultan. He became a sultan first under theb regency of Tuangku Hasjim Bangta Muda (died 1897).
But Holland already had abolished the Aceh sultanate officially.
So in 2024 it will be 150 years ago, that the Aceh sultanate was abolished by Holland.
Sultan Daud;as he was for short known,was taken in captivity and sended to exile on Java from september 1903.There he died 6-2-1939.
At that time and afterwards a bit Holland was thinking of restore the Aceh sultanate also as part of a plan to restore several abolished sultanates and principalities in Indonesia.
(The Aceh dynasty later tried to realise that also under Japanese rule in World War II, without a real strong result).
It was not his crownprince Tuanku Ibrahim (died 1982), who could be the candidate,but a political experienced Aceh prince called Tuanku Mahmud.
The oldest son of crownprince Tuanku Ibrahim;Tuanku Abdul Djalil (very interested and active in researches of the history of Aceh) was not really active with a claim as the chief of the sultan's dynasty of Aceh later.
Tuanku Mirza Keumala, his son;spokesman of the international coördination organisation of rebuilding Aceh,etc. After the Tsunami natural distaster;is seen by some people as the symbol of the sultan's dynasty of Aceh.
The future will tell, how this sultan's dynasty later will find his precious role as at least an identification point of the Aceh people.

Festivana
D.P. Tick gRMK

7 komentar:

Anonim mengatakan...

Salam.

Dear friend, thank for your info short history. I believe you understand well about history of aceh.

But you did not know the true story of mahmudsyah. I'm the 4th generation of mahmudsyah.

There a big conpiracy happend in the kingdom, included tuanku mahmud, tuanku raja kumala and tuanku johan also mohammad daud.

Who said mahmudsyah died, no his grave at aceh only fake one.

There a 2 big history the royal family kingdom won't tell everything.It's shameless.but never put in the history.

I said this not because of ambition but you have to know the real history.

Who said mahmudsyah died is only return on holand history, why the royal family keep quiet but so far they know.

He left form kingdom a few days after 1874 and come back again between 18 to 20 year after,fight with sultan mohamad daud syah and tuanku mahmud/tuanku johan at the palace, a few people death because of that.

If the sultan mahmudsyah died at 1874 why not have official ceremony as a king and a prove.

Why they all meet between 18-20 year later and has a small fight among them.

Allah know better.if I open this every body become angry and shame .mahmudsyah told everything to my grandfather and to my father.

If there are really king here in aceh, and want to become a king in aceh, please pull out the Keris/siwah of sultan at meranty tree at peusangan, and take it back the stone of crown (batu tahta) at crown peusangan (this word is from him before he died tell to my grandfather.

Untill now the keris and stone still there.

If cannot take out there is no more sultan of aceh will rise.

Unless naturalise the magic spell.

Thanks

Wasalam
Mr.x

Anonim mengatakan...

Hi, sultan alaidin mohamad daudsyah is not the grandson of sultan alaidin mahmudsyah, he was a coursen of mahmudsyah.

A father of sultan mohamad daudsyah is tuanku zainal abidin ibn sultan alaidin ibrahim mansyursyah ibn sultan jauhar alamsyah.

Thanks

Tengku ratna

Kupang mengatakan...

Dear Tengku Ratna; Thank you.I said he was grandson of predecessor of S Mahmud Syah.You are from which dynasty?
You can contact me at pusaka.tick@kpnmail.nl ,or facebook Donald Tick

Kupang mengatakan...

Dear descendant of Sultan Mahmud Syah; Interesting story.Please.contact me for it at pusaka.tick@kpnmail.nl .Yes,indeed,I also know the stories behind the death of Sultan Mahmud Dyah II.He was born 1858 and when he died ca. just before 24-1-1874 Aceh was then already at war with Holland.Just a message in the newespaper of Holland in Indonesua,that they have heard,that the sultan had died then(of malaria,or anoother disease).But they never had seen the body.Because of the difficult time,things could all happen that way.
Okay,I hope you can contact me. But history happened and we can not pullback the time.But good to try to find it out.I hope you can contact me.Thank you.

Salam hormat:
DP Tick
pusaka.tick@kpnmail.nl
or facebook Donald Tick

Kupang mengatakan...

P.S.: Sultan Mahmud Syah II was only fleeing and later deposed.I think there was some kind of ceremoney,but he never lived in a palace.

Anonim mengatakan...

Salam all,

Am commener and new in this area...

really interested to know more of Sultan Daud
Shah,his father Engku Zainal Abidin and the rest of their siblings etc...

Dear Sir / Mem, Tengku Ratna, if you don't mind...to contact me..
razliahramli@gmail.com

thanks

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