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Jumat, 17 Desember 2010

Sultan of Jailolo (North-Moluccans) deposed

Recently the news reached us,that one of the 4 sultans of the North-Moluccan;Sultan Abdullah Syah of Jailolo;has been deposed by his paramount overlord Sultan Mudafar Syah II of Ternate.
That happened 20-11-2010.
The story is like this:
Before Jailolo was an independent kingdom.
Ca. 1550 Jailolo came under the influence of Ternate. One source said,that the last descendant of the kings of Jailolo (then called a raja) died in exile on Ternate in 1715.
But the members of the direct line, or the Doa line claim, that with that fact the rights to the throne of Jailolo had not been ended. From 1715 the rights to the raja title went to a side line. From there the rulers of the restored Jailolo sultanate descended:Raja Muhammad Arif Bila, who helped ca. 1800 the rebellious Sultan Nuku of Tidore;a national Indonesian hero and later after him his 2 sons, who only could rule over a segment of the Jailolo people, who were allowed to resettle themselves in the north part of Ceram and after the last sultan of jailolo there was deposed went back to Jailolo in Halmahera totally.
The last sultan there was deposed 1832 (Sultan Muhammad Asgar;died 1839),because he not really coöperated with ending the piracy in the area. A descendant from that line;Dano Baba Hasan;was pretender sultan 1875-76 and his descendant;Dano Jaeuddin;also was pretender in 1914.
A descendant of Dano Baba Hasan was discovered in in Sumatra by Sultan Mudafar II Syah. He had a plan to make the system of 4 kings/Maloku Kie Raha;of again functioning to give stability again to the area.
So in januari 2002 Sultan Abdullah Syah was installed by the sultan of Ternate as a sultan, but in fact the paramount function of Ternate over Jailolo had not been ended then.
So in fact it was more a coöperation between the 2 sultan systems.
That functioned very good for a long time,but this year the sultan of Jailolo had a different choice for a bupati of a local district and that was not very much liked by the sultan and sultana of Ternate,who felt a sort of betrayed.
After the sultan of Jailolo was deposed, the functions were temporarily taken by an official called Ilham Dano Tokan.
No further real developments were noticed in this matter.

Some say, that the branch of the dynasty of which he belongs were always a bit seen as the Tidore branch. Tidore is in history the rival of Ternate.
Sultan Muhammad Arif was also pretender to the sultan's title of Tidore later.
The Doa line now hope, that there will be a chance to reclaim with succes their own rights to the sultan's title.

Like always we hope, that the harmony will be restored soon.

D. P. Tick

Senin, 13 Desember 2010

Banjarmasin dynasty also has now it's chief again

The Banjarmasin area;once one of the 4 biggest kingdoms on the island of Borneo/Kalimantan has witnessed from 10-12 december 2010 the installation of it's new dynastychief;150 years after the Banjarmasin sultanate was abolished 11-6-1860.
The new dynastychief is Pangeran Khairul Saleh, who is now also having his 2nd term of office as bupati/districtchief of Banjar;the central part of Banjarmasin.
Not only the Indonesian government sended high officials for this royal installation like the minister of Culture and Tourism Mr. Jero Wacik, but also Governor Rudy Arifin of South Kalimantan (the province in which the kabupaten Banjar is lying) and other high local government officials were attending.
Apart from the civil government also many dynasties (as representatives of the dynasties of their areas) attended.
Also the chief of the council of South-Moluccan nobility clans were attending.
Of course the several branches of the sultan's dynasty itself was invited and all attended.Even the clan formed by the descendants of a son of the last sultan of Banjarmasin and a Dutch woman were to be seen at the ceremonies.
This Holland prince of Banjarmasin;Mister Dick Eysma from Kota Zoetermeer;went back again to the place, which he had seen for the last time 29 years ago.Then also he made a journey to commemorate his royal ancestors in the area where he was born 69 years ago and which he left in 1948.

The ceremonies took place in 3 days. The first day was concentrated on the baduduk, or ceremonial ritual cleansing ceremonies for the dynastychief and his most closest dynastic officials.
The 2nd day was concentrated around the arriving and greeting welcome of the high civil politicians and the dynasties from Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei.
The 3rd day the actual installation and also the official confirmation of the pangeran title took place.
That last day was of course the most colourfull and intensive cultural event.
Also a little historical photo exhibition;sponsored by the Holland National Council of Nobility (Nederlandse Adels Vereniging);was then opened.
That organisation is normally represented at such royal occasions by Drs. Ferdinand F. Baron de Smeth van Alphen from Amsterdam,whose National Council of Dutch Nobility is trying to exchange experiences with the Indonesia royalty about their functioning in the so-called modern-time.
Because of health reasons the baron was represented by Gusti Yulianitha Tick from Balikpapan (descendant of the last local recognized ruling sultan of Banjarmasin;Sultan Adam Alwatzikubillah (1827-1857), who is also the wife of Donald Tick, the secretary of the Documentation Centre of the Indonesian Dynasties (Pusat Dokumentasi Kerajaan2 di Indonesia "Pusaka",who organised the exhibition.

Later,when the more detailed information about this 3 day royal installation will reach us together with the beautifull pictures around this important event, we shall put another article here about it.

D.P. Tick gRMK
I. Festivana

Note :
portrait: Pangeran Khairul Saleh;bupati of Banjar and Raja Muda of Banjarmasin (Taken from his FB).
other pictures from:
Gusti Yulianitha Tick SPd; secretary Kerabat Kesultanan Banjarmasin/section Balikpapan town.